Selkirkshire

   SELKIRKSHIRE, an inland county, in the south of Scotland, bounded on the north by the counties of Peebles and Edinburgh, on the south by Dumfries-shire, on the east by Roxburghshire, and on the west by Peebleshire. It lies between 55° 22' and 55° 43' (N. Lat.) and 2° 50' and 3° 20' (W. Long.), and is twenty-seven miles in length from south-west to north-east, and sixteen miles in breadth; comprising an area of 263 square miles, or 168,320 acres; and containing 1522 houses, of which 1446 are inhabited; and a population of 7990, of whom 3972 are males, and 4018 females. The county was anciently inhabited by the Gadeni and Ottadini, and, like that of Roxburgh, with which in its early history it is identified, formed part of the forest of Ettrick, the favourite resort of the Scottish sovereigns for the purpose of hunting. In many of the royal charters the county is styled "the Forest;" and on the bank of the Yarrow are the remains of an ancient castle, which was the hunting-seat of the kings, and the residence of the keeper of the forest, who was also constable of the royal castle of Selkirk. The lands were included among the possessions of the abbey of Melrose, and are now held by charter from the crown; about two-thirds are the property of the Duke of Buccleuch, and the remainder is divided among numerous freeholders. The county is within the synod of Merse and Teviotdale, and comprises the whole of the parishes of Yarrow and Ettrick, about eleven-twelfths of the parish of Selkirk, and smaller portions of six other parishes; it contains the royal burgh of Selkirk, which is the county-town, the greater part of the market-town of Galashiels, and numerous small hamlets of which none can be considered as villages. Under the act of the 2nd of William IV., the county returns one member to the imperial parliament; and the number of persons qualified to vote is 605.
   The surface is mountainous, and the lowest portions of the land have an elevation of 300 feet above the level of the sea. The chief mountains are, Blackhouse, Windlestrae-law, Minchmoor, and Ettrick-pen, which range from 2200 to 2400 feet in height; and Lawkneis, Wardlaw, Hangingshaw-law, the Three Brethren, Black-Andrew and Peat-law, which have an elevation varying from 1964 to 1990 feet. Several hills from 1000 to 1800 feet in height afford good pasturage for sheep. The principal valleys are those of Ettrick and Yarrow, with portions of the vales of Tweed and Gala; and the chief rivers are those from which the four vales take their names. The Tweed, in its course from Peebleshire, intersects the northern portion of the county for nearly ten miles, and, previously to its entering Roxburghshire, receives the Ettrick and Gala. The Ettrick has its source in Ettrick-pen, divides the county nearly into two equal parts, and, after a course of thirty miles from south-west to north-east, falls into the Tweed. The Yarrow, issuing from St. Mary's loch, flows in a north-east direction into the Ettrick near Selkirk; and the Gala, after forming the north-east boundary of the county for about four miles, falls into the Tweed near Galashiels. The only lakes are St. Mary's loch and Loch Lowes, separated from each other by a narrow strip of land about one hundred yards in length; the former is about three miles in length and half a mile broad, and the latter little more than three-quarters of a mile in length and a quarter of a mile in breadth. Their banks are richly wooded, and the scenery derives a beautifully romantic character from the mountains by which they are encompassed. Of the lands, about 10,000 acres are arable, 2300 woodland and plantations, 1250 garden and pleasure grounds, and the remainder mountain pasture, principally for sheep, which are of the white-faced breed. The soil of the arable land is rich, producing abundant crops of excellent wheat even on the slopes of the hills, at an elevation of 700 feet above the level of the sea. There are no minerals; the substratum is principally whinstone alternated with considerable portions of granite. The principal manufactures are those of woollen cloth and of stockings: the first of these is chiefly carried on at Galashiels, and has been greatly improved and extended within the last few years; the stockings are mostly for the home trade, but the manufacture is tolerably extensive. There are also two tanneries, and several establishments for making agricultural implements. Facility of communication is afforded by excellent turnpike and other roads which intersect the county in various directions. The rateable annual value of Selkirkshire, as assessed to the income-tax, is £49,766, of which £38,714 are returned for lands, and the remainder for houses. There are some remains of the forts erected by the original inhabitants on the heights; and about a mile to the west of Galashiels, are vestiges of the great ditch called the Catrail, twenty-three feet wide, with ramparts on each side from nine to ten feet in height. It passes through the county, over the south part of Minchmoor, and crosses the Tweed at Sunderland.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Selkirkshire — (spr. ßéll körkschir), Grafschaft im südöstlichen Schottland, grenzt im Süden an Dumfriesshire, im O. an Roxburgh und Berwickshire, im N. an Edinburgh und Peeblesshire und im W. an Lanarkshire und hat ein Areal von 666 qkm (12,1 QM.) mit (1901)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Selkirkshire — Selkirk   County (until circa 1890)   Country Scotland …   Wikipedia

  • Selkirkshire — 55°30′N 3°00′W / 55.5, 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Selkirkshire — Lage von Selkirkshire in Schottland Selkirkshire ist eine traditionelle Grafschaft im Südosten von Schottland. Historische Hauptstadt und namensgebender Ort ist die Stadt Selkirk. Als Verwaltungsgrafschaft bestand Selkirkshire zwischen 1890 und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Selkirkshire — ▪ former county, Scotland, United Kingdom also called  Selkirk        historic county in southeastern Scotland, occupying a rolling upland region dissected by the valleys of the Ettrick and Yarrow waters (rivers), which merge in the east with the …   Universalium

  • Selkirkshire — Situación geográfica del antiguo condado de Selkirkshire, Escocia. Selkirkshire o Condado de Selkirk es un condado tradicional (registration county, en inglés) de Escocia. Limita con Peebles al oeste, con Midlothian al norte, con Berwick al… …   Wikipedia Español

  • selkirkshire — ˈsel(ˌ)kərkˌshi(ə)r, shər adjective or selkirk Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from Selkirkshire or Selkirk, Scotland : of or from the county of Selkirk, Scotland : of the kind or style prevalent in Selkirk …   Useful english dictionary

  • Selkirkshire — geographical name see Selkirk II, 1 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • SELKIRKSHIRE —    (27), a south inland county of Scotland; extends S. from the corner of Midlothian to Dumfriesshire, between Peebles (W.) and Roxburgh (E.); the grassy slopes of its hills afford splendid pasturage, and sheep farming is a flourishing industry;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • selkirkshire — sel·kirk·shire …   English syllables

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